Đồng nghĩa của handicap

Alternative for handicap

handicaps, handicapped, handicapping

Đồng nghĩa: burden, disadvantage, hindrance, load,

Noun

A circumstance that makes progress or success difficult
obstacle block impediment barrier encumbrance hindrance disadvantage drawback restriction bar limitation shortcoming obstruction stumbling block difficulty trammel albatross baulk balk chain check clog constraint cramp crimp curb deterrent drag embarrassment fetter hazard holdback hurdle inhibition interference let manacle shackles stop straitjacket millstone baggage burden detriment hangup injury load ball and chain psychological baggage millstone round someone's neck snag restraint hitch complication catch problem fly in the ointment spanner in the works hiccup monkey wrench in the works cumber impedance facer setback shackle blockage stricture catch-22 inconvenience discouragement delay hampering barricade issue brake road block monkey wrench pitfall holdup hamper retardation circumscription glitch rub sticking point wall hang-up limit stoppage interruption defect weakness rein cumbrance prevention condition uphill control gridlock blocking blockade arrest lock headache preventive trouble confinement disincentive checking damper joker bottleneck hardship tie jam-up choking predicament retardment circumvention demarcation stone in one's path hold-up prohibition roadblock dilemma quandary excess baggage blank wall adversity hassle dead weight booby trap pickle contraction millstone around your neck thorn in one's side bond fetters bonds stumbling stone deadweight commitment obligation hobble opposition barring yoke complaint disbenefit nuisance pale bind bump occlusion congestion railing traverse fence weary load saddle debt duty guilt cross mountain jam checkmate dissuasion curtailment disablement impairment flaw disorder fault determent mountain to climb sabotage intervention defence defense leash preventative bridle suppression red tape detention constrainment captivity constriction bridling curbing repression tribulation foot dragging monkey on one's back defensive measures frustration shackling baulking cramping fettering holding back stifling smothering pinch prob tightening squeezing compression binding shrinking astringency boundary stopping halting thwarting quashing foiling interdict can of worms disputed point balking embargo sublimation point at issue downfall putting an end to putting an stop to nipping in the bud impasse misfortune upset blow blunder vexation gremlin mix-up bother source of difficulty hot potato grievance worry tight spot hornets' nest source of trouble thorn in one's flesh muddle dispute mess vexed question question mark plight difficult situation defeat slip regulation knock bummer mishap reversal inefficacy error stipulation miscalculation mischance mistake disappointment bafflement whammy rule body blow qualification provision proviso one in the eye piece of bad luck kick in the teeth stroke of bad luck knock-back bit of trouble reversal of fortune bitter pill rider containment strings requirement limits string no-no reservation custody bounds ceiling fine print small difficulty taboo ban interdiction halt deterrence forbiddance proscription boycott disallowance self-command refrainment discretion continence reserve discipline self-control self-restraint injunction preclusion don't obviation safeguard keeping back restraining keeping under control forbidding banning clampdown prohibiting outlawing break restrainer hold interdicting veto surcease stay proscribing enjoining suspension wet blanket out of bounds off limits refusal thou-shalt-not preemption intimidation biting back elimination keeping in check holding in buttress bottling up avoidance forestallment precaution anticipation averting forestalling precluding reverse censorship chill stint depressant cloud maximum interception prophylaxis deterence inhibitor rebuff harness anathema gloom pall cap inadequacy circumspection modification definition disapproval threshold depression bound non-acceptance tapu cold water concealment moderation extent border perimeter religious convention sanction social convention law superstition retardant disqualification margin confine line containing deadening muffling bondage rope order instruction deprivation pinions weight decrease manacles chains abridgment abridgement command reduction tops line of demarcation cutoff point cut-off point upper limit wait restraining order choking back arrestment close cutoff finish discontinuation expiration end closure closedown cessation termination shutoff conclusion lapse cease offset ending shutdown discontinuance stall detainment lull lag interval intermission retard gap interlude pause ado prorogation logjam downtime filibuster holding staying stalling tie-up showstopper waiting period time wasted time lag cooling-off period holding pattern period of waiting disallowing vetoing embargoing tabooing exclusion negation ruling out repudiation temperance making illegal

Noun

Something or someone whose presence or behavior is likely to be disadvantageous
disadvantage drawback downside minus liability disbenefit negative debit incommodity strike weakness shortcoming hindrance defect flaw detriment snag impediment trouble inconvenience nuisance problem fault deficiency catch stumbling block weak point difficulty obstacle weak spot complication imperfection limitation pitfall hitch hiccup fly in the ointment burden hurdle failing affliction ill disability spanner in the works monkey wrench in the works trial harm demerit issue encumbrance damage restriction constraint lack vulnerability albatross obstruction penalty downfall impairment con frailty susceptibility Achilles heel soft underbelly soft spot chink in the armor bad flip side curb deterrent barrier damper discouragement check negative aspect evil hardship privation crimp cramp fetter other side of the coin trammel afterdeal hangup underbelly jugular chink back injury hurt drag loss torment bane disfavor tribulation suffering worry despite Achilles' heel disservice prejudice aggravation vexation troublesomeness disturbance upset awkwardness incommodiousness exasperation fuss untimeliness bothersomeness unsuitableness unhandiness annoyance disruption uneasiness unfitness unwieldiness cumbersomeness pain stew discomfort uphill deprivation cost cross millstone cumber disfavour mischief balance contract misfortune involvement mortgage arrear jinx lease chit tab indebtment loan baggage bite possibility IOU due contingency pledge remainder account undesirable consequence unpleasant aspect vulnerable spot foible cross to bear wrong bad news disaster area spoiling marring illfare kryptonite Waterloo nemesis undoing millstone round one's neck damaging weakness tender spot vulnerable point weak link heel of Achilles chink in somebody's armor consequence price toll consequences expense setback catch-22 hassle sacrifice headache ramification pickle weight botheration bugbear gotcha crunch scrape joker gimmick glitch puzzler undesirable consequences adverse effects booby trap land mine result forfeit forfeiture trap adverse effect trick snare bother punishment conundrum dodge ploy puzzle wile joker in the pack embarrassment hazard problems downer concern frustration irk irritant rub harassment anxiety irritation pest distress stress thorn disquiet aggro ruffle unease peeve bar fix clog holdup bug blockade brake knot unseen problem hamper spot cropper bummer nuisance value agitation unpleasantness letdown incommode hair shirt tiresomeness inopportuneness tight spot the rub pity disappointment shame comedown put out dilemma down adversity quandary predicament plight perplexity dispute question mess worriment habit count doubt squeeze disagreement point at issue can of worms disputed point hot water teething trouble box

Noun

A punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract
penalty fine forfeit mulct punishment retribution forfeiture damages penance price sanction sentence amends amercement consequence dues fall mortification penalization punition punitive action rap judgment judgement discipline comeuppance requital reparation ruling chastisement correction recompense deserts just deserts nemesis charge decree castigation wrath compensation justice confiscation sequestration deferment redress vengeance revenge conviction condemnation retaliation deferred sentence suspended sentence atonement loss fee coercive measure punitive measure ban boycott reprimand chastening verdict financial penalty payment determination injunction writ command satisfaction restitution pronouncement decision measure repayment reward censure doom due reward retributive justice what you deserve what's coming to you penalty charge cost interdict fate due destiny levy destruction interdiction assessment desert disciplining return just punishment deserved fate demurrage rule indemnity what is coming to one what one is asking for talion indemnification embargo reimbursement remuneration restriction lumps surrender relinquishment prohibition deterrent giving up meed reprisals reparations recoupment quittance exclusion comp guerdon solatium losing denial surrendering tariff barrier damage reprisal action sacrificing abandonment ceding attainder yielding sacrifice forfeiting reckoning payback remedy wages comeback revanche counterblow avenging avengement coercive measures measure for measure poetic justice an eye for an eye an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth just reward tit for tat eye for an eye finding order holding edict sleep dictum considered opinion term knock book hitch vacation getup clock jolt trick sending up the river expiation medicine torture infliction absolution pain consequences attrition stick suffering jankers unhappiness ostracism gallows deprivation victimisation hammer rod victimization propitiation compunction purgation punitive measures disciplinary action hell to pay self-abasement self-mortification self-punishment self-flagellation firm hand

Verb

Act as an impediment to
hinder hamper impede hamstring limit encumber restrict obstruct disadvantage hobble hold back impair stymie trammel block bridle burden check clog constrain cramp curb curtail embarrass fetter handcuff hog-tie inhibit manacle retard shackle short-circuit bork cripple hold up interfere with sideline tie up put at a disadvantage give disadvantage take out place at a disadvantage put out of commission restrain frustrate thwart cumber baulk slow down slow balk delay foil prevent hang up bar stop baffle throw a spanner in the works of confine tie get in the way throw a monkey wrench in the works of stall get in the way of set back disrupt arrest interrupt interfere cramp one's style detain weigh down crimp bind put a brake on forestall stay prohibit deter entangle stonewall stand in the way of decelerate straiten inconvenience halt derail keep back oppose charge crab choke reduce overload scupper bog down saddle with cut off give a hard time saddle weight brake overwhelm circumscribe intermit postpone incommode slacken constrict regulate moderate discommode suspend load discontinue suppress wrong laden lumber strain lade freight overburden lessen decrease mire retardate slow up stifle hold loiter leash sandbag repress treat harshly treat unfairly debar be a hindrance to crush hem in choke off rein in forbid be unfair to contravene counteract close off shut off shut down chain faze drag one's feet tie down interdict put an end to put in an unfavourable position do a disservice to cramp someone's style hold down throw a spanner in the works ruin straitjacket tie someone down inc tie-up catch oppress bother debilitate cap ensnare enmesh net capture entrammel control preclude snag entrap make difficult delimit tie one's hands dissuade from tether ward off bottleneck freeze discomfit rattle dam muzzle neutralize put off prevent from making progress keep within bounds set limits on impose limits on neutralise resist put a crimp in disconcert discourage pile snooker hold captive clip someone's wings drag feet foul up screw up not allow to go beyond keep within the limits of defer defeat puzzle temper stunt yoke put straitjacket on box in shut out louse up confound stump spoil mystify throw monkey wrench in put back snow scotch nonplus throw a spoke in the wheel of dissuade smother quash abate lag diminish flummox dump on snow under bear down on make heavy treat unfavourably tell against down hesitate loaf falter dawdle flag poke bog ward avert taboo bit withhold outlaw enjoin reef quiet qualify procrastinate embog dead-end pigeonhole corner upset shelve affect disturb remit tamper influence give a disadvantage to put paid to confuse put on brakes put an stop to hold in nip in the bud stem the flow of keep in jam conflict trouble inflict a handicap on let up back off take down hold off put the kibosh on hang fire put the brakes on lose steam cut down wind down cut back back-water keep waiting lose speed anchor it put on hold throw a monkey wrench into put on back burner give the run around sabotage let down flaps hit the brakes bring to screeching halt throttle obscure screen complicate hurt maltreat ill-use punish unfairly disadvantage worry monkey with put at an unfair disadvantage make someone suffer circumvent head off put a stop to dash stave off counter obviate beat intercept nullify damage mar close injure fend off keep checkmate disappoint weaken undermine barricade compromise enfeeble harm rule out do for block off destroy clog up outwit subdue squash fill avoid mess up deflect shake plug subvert blockade smash squelch forfend disable vitiate cross stem contain break wreck nobble gag congest seal stuff block up negate occlude stopper ban quell put the stopper on cordon off isolate divert shut in stop up anticipate stultify defend against put the mockers on turn off pick off bung up put a spoke in someone's wheel threaten plug up keep lid on pause muffle deny stamp out blight sap traverse withstand strangle bilk blemish queer overturn pre-empt govern tame bloody flaw endamage guard clot evade choke back protract cancel help prolong make late cork cross up sidestep skirt cut short defend cut out upset the apple cart steer clear of gum up hold over proscribe hold off on pour cold water on put a damper on throw cold water on still sink estop exclude swallow eat away unsettle emasculate undo shatter staunch deteriorate quelch rein make illegal damp down kill root wound deny access destabilize banjax buck disallow repel enervate embargo nix blunt draw up tarnish confront disqualify commandeer measure rule circumnavigate pull up disfigure deface prorogue challenge fill up fetch up invalidate get out of repulse corrode debase put the lid on keep under control adjourn bung annul escape bypass prejudice take wind out of parry torpedo turn aside make impossible pull in keep in check crash fight back bottle up juke ditch preempt give the slip deprive block out close up close out destabilise upset one's apple cart dodge second-guess table chill reschedule disadvise scare cool rough up be detrimental to skip keep a lid on bite back mothball continue lock up bring to a standstill respite put over shake off cool off do harm to get ahead of get in before extend talk out of lay on the table put out of action take a rain check on set aside put on the back burner beat someone to the punch beat someone to it put on ice beat someone to the draw put in cold storage provide against steal a march on give rain check head off at pass hold in abeyance close down switch off strangle at birth erode consume use up wear away clobber crack down on finish something finish off act against nip something in the bud offset cause to wait cause to stay caulk veto whittle silence deaden pocket submerge extinguish constipate boycott blacklist scuttle wall off choke up pack stanch jam up quench mute overpower throw a curve forefend ostracize make an end of bring to a close get bogged down put the brakes on take out of play keep at bay stave keep off jeopardize put the damper on obturate stand fence crool criminalize bury blank counterplot garrote garrotte shush bring an end to worsen conquer overcome lick elude bottle terminate stand in the way impoverish ravage dam up glut silt up slam on the brakes ease up peg discipline beat somebody to it act in advance of prepare for be one step ahead of be early discountenance bring up duck buffalo promote bollix gunge up spike censor afflict incapacitate taint annihilate devitalize depress trash dismantle corrupt temporise temporize dally give a rain check take a raincheck keep in abeyance imprison incarcerate intern rebuff quit cease take wind out of sails get the better of beat down cause setback put end to dash one's hope upset the applecart ostracise disfavour disfavor warn indispose frighten deprecate gainsay duel contradict impugn combat negative disaffirm contest fight dispute hedge render null and void declare taboo criminalise clutter up stand still scorch wither batter shock blast put a limit on come to a standstill shuffle off make it impossible for make it impracticable for stand off peter out not move slacken pace give the thumbs down to declare illegal put the chill on give the red light to say no lock in coop up fence in jail necessitate gaol close in immure concuss shotgun give the run-around run circles around run rings around detract from shake up jeopardise smash up muck up halt in its tracks throw a monkey wrench in the works cool down devalue tweak unfit devaluate ding cheapen total be prejudicial to be disadvantageous to button up keep the lid on keep a tight rein on keep tight rein on make impracticable cause detriment to wreak havoc on damp be deleterious to play for time disarrange disorder disorganize have a negative effect on have a bad effect on hedge out save let make useless lose strength put half nelson on drive a nail into the coffin of convulse go against shutdown immobilize dampen derange turn upside-down refrain from cause confusion in throw into disarray cause turmoil in throw into disorder throw into confusion render powerless monopolize foresee predict forecast envision preoccupy project expect make a mess of devastate demolish monopolise carry over immobilise paralyse do in waive lengthen lay over act like a wet blanket bankrupt cruel make a hash of euchre dish seize put out of business bring to an end bring to standstill bring someone to their knees bring to naught wipe out bring to a stop pull the plug on blow a hole in play havoc with take withhold from stay away from refuse make up for deny yourself break the habit of skip out on kick get around steer clear shrink from abstain renounce keep from desist eschew shirk shun desist from stay away forbear give up abstain from restrain from counterbalance do without shy from leave off forgo forbear from paralyze expropriate grab snatch attack ambush botch shut disempower whittle away appropriate interlope shortstop accost interpose hijack tackle waylay buttonhole snafu skin demoralise demoralize attenuate mine dig soften tunnel dent wear rain on someone's parade pounce on take on drag through the mud dig out hollow out clip one's wings chip away at knock the bottom out of queer the pitch of poke full of holes swoop down on cut in take away lock out play off cook someone's goose make off with spike someone's guns queer someone's pitch

Verb

To cause to become physically weaker
prostrate debilitate exhaust enervate tire weaken fell floor sap enfeeble weary fatigue drain incapacitate disable devitalize drop cripple frazzle immobilise immobilize overtire level tax down knacker overtax paralyse poop hamstring undermine etiolate waste soften impair paralyze whack reduce disarm ruin depress wreck overthrow mow defeat knock out knock down wear out tire out knock over do in wash out lay low mow down bowl over tucker out fag out bowl down make powerless make weary make helpless make impotent bring someone to their knees take it out of bring low maim attenuate blunt mangle lame torpefy shatter mutilate hock damage unstrengthen indispose injure inactivate batter hurt pinion kibosh sabotage mar unfit hogtie unbrace harm muzzle total spoil put out of action shoot down take out render incapable throw monkey wrench in make unfit restrict spike render powerless hobble emasculate make weak deplete unnerve make feeble unhinge diminish disfigure palsy sideline deface dislimb stifle dismember halt make lame jam stop freeze disenable deactivate clamp wheel-clamp action disqualify render inactive arrest tie make inoperative invalidate bring to a halt prevent from moving render inoperative prevent from working bring to a standstill wound break destroy vitiate crush lacerate lessen wear down cut blemish hinder smash decrease bruise numb jade tucker burn out conk out poop out peter out deaden mess up rough up hack benumb subvert blast compromise scratch maul blight bloody crab flaw endamage bush cross up wear foul up dull wear to a frazzle put out of commission deform obtund hog-tie demolish impoverish gash distort mangulate pound deteriorate graze ravage lower scupper scar torpedo hit adulterate tarnish dilute impede cut up scrape threaten overextend overdo run ragged overexert draw overfatigue overwork bankrupt prejudice hack up pummel lash temper calm queer debase tear apart lay up devaluate extenuate belt thin abate ding flag eviscerate assuage sink flog punch shake up plug work over pummelled droop render infirm pommel whip outwear bust harass kill soothe contuse bedraggle languish sag fizzle succumb punish wipe out water down take it out of one take the edge off do up put the kibosh on erode hospitalize butcher encumber hamper suck dry use up sap your strength bring to a grinding halt unplug idle seize disempower make sleepy shake destabilize worsen invalid hospitalise exenterate disembowel shag out take wear on drain of energy lay someone up confine to a wheelchair confine to bed clip wings jeopardize have a bad effect on eat away wear away rob from disrupt pull the rug out from under expurgate censor bowdlerize root afflict taint trash annihilate dismantle corrupt corrode turn off render inoperable wear oneself to a frazzle make tired nearly kill wear oneself to a shadow run into the ground amputate bowdlerise dampen devalue cheapen tweak put on the sick list shock inconvenience scorch wither interfere with jeopardise screw up detract from smash up destabilise louse up muck up mayhem massacre gimp castrate truncate seize up cut to pieces hash up lose strength make useless become unable to move become immobilized grind to a halt become stuck cool be detrimental to cause detriment to do harm to wreak havoc on tear limb from limb allay moderate muffle throw a monkey wrench into mollify sate appease relieve slake damp alleviate cauterize ease contract tone down pierce slash hebetate desensitise cauterise desensitize put a damper on crool scathe wing puncture rip tear stab pique aggrieve foul burn grieve torture contort pain wax torment distress sting irritate zap pulverize appall transfix bemuse daze close stun anesthetize petrify astound anaesthetize stupefy daunt nonplus appal constrict shrink deflate mitigate rarefy lighten dissipate offset carve cut to ribbons ouch stick slice nick clip overturn devastate put out cause pain to bang up cause injury to pulverise draw blood do mischief to dash open up slap spank slug pinch flail bore burst explode nix pop scotch banjax blow stop dead make inert shut down make nerveless bring to grinding halt dish upset wreak havoc with rattle blow up do for beat thrash put paid to blow a hole in bring to naught bring to nought buffet bash strike wallop assault belabour deck clobber lick thump abuse pelt knock bang attack smack smite drub clout bat baste whop cudgel do club lace lambast lather whup curry beat up tonk hide tromp bludgeon bop hammer slog switch thwack whap slate lambaste birch belabor biff whale tan paddle thresh sock fib rain blows on knock about beat the living daylights out of lace into punch out lay one on knock around maltreat lay into do over brutalize dash against aim blows at knock into the middle of next week brutalise bung up give someone a good hiding

Verb

To limit or restrict
restrain control check contain curb bridle restrict suppress hold limit subdue regulate repress constrain govern muzzle confine cork dampen hamper inhibit moderate prevent rein bit curtail harness hinder hold back keep keep in check leash measure rule smother stifle tame bottle up choke back debar hold in check rein in straiten circumscribe cool delimit detain deter direct gag guide hogtie impound imprison gaol jail keep within bounds kill pull in rein back retard stay stem keep in put a brake on box up crack down hem in hold down keep down keep under control lock up pin down pull back put away sit on tie down bring under control keep in line keep the lid on have on a tight leash stop impede keep back hold in obstruct trammel block reduce fight back arrest halt swallow muffle temper diminish withhold lessen thwart strangle frustrate fetter cramp keep a tight rein on decrease hold up interfere with baulk silence balk bite back tone down master slow quell shut in bar soften calm enclose quash delay mitigate sink encumber modulate hamstring bind foil still overcome cork up stall hog-tie cap keep a lid on submerge squash slow down stymie button up shackle damp down forestall nip in the bud squelch prohibit avert quiet deaden quench interrupt tie up discipline pocket conceal put an end to stamp out put a stop to hobble stave off clog ward off choke shut up lock in crack down on counteract immobilize cage cut back damp compose overpower bound soothe terminate counter trap close in discourage oppose lower conquer fix allay adjust monitor simmer down put the brakes on clamp down on lick defeat head off fend off immobilise extinguish gulp back mellow settle play down hide resist dull preclude freeze constrict entrammel coop up tie interdict pacify ease obviate manage ward forfend slacken get the better of keep lid on rule out modify tranquilize hang up put a damper on incarcerate immure throw cold water on hold off put a lid on mute pour cold water on put off shut down collect deny intern handcuff set manacle demarcate ruin shorten peg embarrass staunch circumvent quieten shush tranquillize dam soft-pedal pinion end postpone define chill cumber mollify qualify short-circuit intercept keep an eye on abate set back avoid catch demark delimitate pin spoil impose limits on set limits on relax forbid interfere get a grip on shut out gain mastery over weaken put an stop to wall in stem the flow of mark off cut down pull up clip someone's wings bring to a standstill contract cramp someone's style bring to an end put on ice let up corner cloud crush humble ban disallow beat lull cow dock corral balance deflate chill out adapt suffocate cover up reconcile subjugate blunt vanquish decelerate tether keep secret let stanch recover truncate enjoin withstand abbreviate abridge estop chain chasten help quelch abase throttle bring to a halt brake defer best elide syncopate cripple fence in surmount bork hush cool off cut short dissuade mortify dispatch pause box in dominate relieve derail discontinue girdle retrench specify inclose retardate mire neutralize put a limit on triumph over narrow assuage put back turn aside surround revise shrink put half nelson on put down loiter anticipate hold captive save alter draw up stonewall cool down break off encircle neutralise repulse dispose fetch up disadvise scare divert get under control crimp slash prelimit prevail over take down remit baffle keep within limits bite one's lip turn off stand in the way of cut off bog down gain control of win against bring to screeching halt talk out of defend against placate come down on resolve take the edge off knock off throw a spanner in the works of send up put a ceiling on put the kibosh on put out of action proscribe keep something in check come down hard on dim dilute destroy gulp censor seal up seal in straitjacket fight choke something back cushion drown hold something in garrote garrotte keep control of gain control over re-collect secure entrap left out keep feeling inside oneself bring to naught collar shade sober darken deepen keep a rein on constipate stultify keep on a string fasten disrupt idle rally inspect overturn ration act against cross bottle something up tongue-tie ice drag feet benumb blanket numb cauterize dash cut down on forbid to snuff sabotage keep at bay stave keep off becalm salve lullaby prevent from making progress put straitjacket on restraint heap shower oppress shroud not allow to go beyond keep within the limits of sidetrack scrub drop brace bring up can evade put out bring into line throw monkey wrench in exclude prescribe bottleneck cauterise hush up nullify circumnavigate mark down economize economise set a limit on dummy up dry up calm down lay down the law to someone pipe down settle down dampen down bring to a screeching halt tie one's hands overmatch hegemonize palliate rebuff checkmate keep from discountenance sidestep skirt pen slow up mince break punish overbear upend get command hitch up temperate scupper delineate disqualify disfavour shake disfavor warn indispose frighten deprecate deprive necessitate concuss shotgun wreck depress mar mew keep tight rein on place a limit on slacken pace bring an end to gird get over skunk worst steer clear of encompass environ administer get around remove eliminate methodize overlook hesitate dawdle down loaf falter bog flag poke press solace make up appease comfort console tune down balm ease up put the lid on draw the line on alleviate quit cease do down play for time put a spoke in someone's wheel stunt systematize organize outline concentrate encase house encage envelop closet include hedge clobber put paid to bring to a stop allocate put a leash on put a lead on make it impossible for make impossible make it impracticable for close off back off throw a monkey wrench in the works of shut off choke off police administrate legislate put the stopper on do for meet halfway cool out foreclose interpose intervene attune lighten harsh gentle pound lag jug make impracticable coordinate standardize commit snuff out mark out nail down harmonize reclaim bust humiliate procrastinate reef embog supervise stabilize smooth hem mew up decide determine coop faze sandbag taboo outlaw get round make unnecessary mess up superintend quarantine sequester enslave tone vary tune tighten slap down pre-empt crib oversee steward quieten down sway water down pad clear the air stabilise demilitarize demilitarise smooth out rescue defuse take the heat back-water lose speed keep waiting lose steam wind down anchor it condition dictate influence form preside over get back at push back defend repel reply beat off defend yourself retaliate fight off put up a fight riposte isolate put on brakes inflect do away with get rid of take away shape affect mould hit the brakes let down flaps get in the way of keep tabs on bottle internalize fence internalise dishonor shame debase disgrace flatten foul cheapen discredit smirch demean degrade wall up cut touch underlie systematise pace standardise organise focus center centre localise pinpoint localize suspend amend fine-tune shift revamp tweak transmogrify change switch harmonise predispose mold incline work on shepherd directionalize act on afflict cinch impact on exert influence on prorogue recess hold fast act like a wet blanket dishonour bring down bring low have an effect on be a factor in clamp down take severe measures against take stern measures against tighten up on get tough get tough on come down on like a ton of bricks come down heavily on have an impact on pare down lop trim chop shelve palisade pigeonhole dissolve cut down to size put in your place put someone in their place take down a peg or two minify tighten up crop clip slim down downsize hold over keep under wraps keep inside black out jam up stop from spreading mothball prorogate table picket continue respite put over break up suspend proceedings hold in abeyance lay on the table finish take a rain check on put on the back burner come to an end call a halt to take five adjourn call a halt take a breather call it a day take a rain check take a break put in cold storage take a recess boil down get to meat put in nutshell roll back put a restriction on rail in pen in hedge in

Verb

Subject to a penalty or punishment
penalize discipline punish correct castigate chasten chastise sentence amerce condemn deal with dock fine imprison judge mulct reprimand scold exact a penalty from hit with impose a sentence on impose penalty inflict a penalty on inflict handicap mete out punishment to slap with award a penalty against impose a penalty on put at disadvantage throw the book at rebuke admonish reprove scourge whip lash beat flog bring to book cane chide upbraid lecture berate objurgate reprehend wallop thrash come down on rap knuckles slap someone's wrist rap someone's knuckles crack down on teach a lesson give a lesson to sanction carpet abuse censure thump reproach recompense horsewhip flay belt switch birch flagellate lambaste dress down strap remonstrate with tongue-lash bring someone to book teach someone a lesson make an example of excoriate tan give it to someone give someone what for slap wrist give someone a dressing-down rap over the knuckles give someone a roasting give someone the works give a going-over scathe put on the mat give someone a rocket call down scorch come down on like a ton of bricks take to task rake over the coals tan someone's hide ground scapegoat discipline someone for whip someone's hide strafe tear a strip off lick clout leather whale flail beat the living daylights out of someone give someone a good hiding lather cowhide bullwhip trounce hide rawhide slash stripe quirt thong harass beat the living daylights out of give someone a hiding terrorize take a strap to hit terrorise take disciplinary action against put on the carpet afflict suppress subjugate repress soften exprobate try charge lay down the law fulminate against levy impose put exact criticize have on the carpet sting assess blast attack rate lambast hammer rag keelhaul monster slam sconce slate vituperate baste bollock score savage rap jaw bash trim flame wig extort seize confiscate tax sequestrate row diss trash assail pummel belabor rail potshot blister ream scarify drub impose a fine on belabour criticise pummelled bawl out tell off lay into blow up at give someone a caning give a talking-to give someone some stick jump on give someone an earful give someone a mouthful rail against give someone a telling-off let someone have it give someone a wigging send someone away with a flea in their ear put down give someone a bollocking slap on the wrist have a go at lace into give a rocket pull up rap someone the knuckles jump down one's throat give someone hell chew out tick off read the riot act tear off a strip drag over the coals slap down give someone a row rail at haul over the coals give someone a rollicking criticize severely rant at lay out tear into give someone a rating lean on pitch into ream out throw book at make pay punish by fining pay through the nose mistreat murder get scalp injure misuse hurt oppress harm batter manhandle visit execute debar expel blacklist skin alive drop on cuff train incarcerate spank defrock dismiss tear down skin immure exile paddle attend to beat up do in knock about rough up give the works give a going over punish severely have someone's guts for garters penalise denounce knock revile vilify blame slag off pan disparage find fault with roast pillory rubbish denigrate crucify bag malign harangue bad-mouth blow up reprobate inveigh against cut up skewer run down deprecate pull apart arraign asperse nag light into denunciate impugn decry besmirch slur pull to pieces pick holes in cast aspersions on slag derogate rip into fault dis rip give a piece of one's mind rollick animadvert on take to pieces give someone a bad press vituperate against pour scorn on find fault yell at sledge declaim sail into give a bad press to fulminate maul call on the carpet insult take apart hit out at curse take someone to task smear shoot down pick to pieces cut down nitpick about throw brickbats at execrate rap someone over the knuckles accuse carp go on at dispraise check inveigh rant disapprove of carp at lash into slander talk to give some stick to rage calumniate traduce take down anathematize fustigate scorn kick up a stink about take to the woodshed strike rave at stigmatize call to account defame storm slang thunder growl slap caution protest cavil tear to pieces come down hard on monish stigmatise lesson zap cavil at go for the jugular chew someone out tear apart nag at give flak to nit-pick bag on give something a bad press express disapproval of slap someone on the wrist lash out at go on about pick at kick up a fuss about lampoon contemn taunt remonstrate ridicule libel belittle proscribe call over the coals deplore shellac backbite discredit disapprove ostracise ostracize animadvert discourse orate perorate recriminate preach ferule rake speak out object complain speak nitpick jawbone mouth off expostulate clobber fume tie into slug rave spout get after make a stand vociferate beat up on expostulate about climb all over swear at cuss out do a number on shout at objurate pass strictures upon declaim against give one hell jump all over strongly criticize kick draw the line throw shade get at let have it speak to slap on wrist rap on knuckles sound off mouth off about tell a thing or two go after scoff at put someone on the hot seat make a fuss about crawl all over put someone on the griddle burn someone's ears do down tear to shreds nitpick over pin someone's ears back find lacking reprimand severely let fly round on brand lash out refute pull someone up hit out attask exprobrate give a tongue-lashing argue with assault verbally cudgel deride smother disagree with satirize threap pile in moralise moralize despise skelp warn start on start in harsh rebuff incriminate satirise adjure advise counsel take on take chew fry oppose rank on give going-over ding notice glue forewarn hoist reject read out look askance pick apart jump on one's case bite someone's head off snap someone's head off slight rake over coals criticize harshly fluff slog dishonor dishonour disgrace dress-down jack up sit on destroy offend scratch lacerate lance cut incise pass judgment jump down someone's throat have your knife in tear someone a new one give someone a dressing down give someone a telling off give piece of mind have words give tongue-lashing give somebody a piece of one's mind prosecute minimize discount rap across the knuckles severely reprimand have words with blacken someone's reputation cast a slur on give someone a carpeting eat out criticize hatefully frame pronounce depreciate name adjudge impeach indict complain about lay on give comeuppance give bad press cut to bits persecute give something a battering weigh into do a hatchet job on give someone bondi take somebody to task take down a peg give a hard time get on burn one's ears have someone on the carpet keep after rag on carp on send someone away with a flea in his lower the boom give the dickens call to task point the finger at give the devil criticize strongly be hard on pick on ride zing hose miscall minimise give someone stick send up put away bring to account point finger at hang something on blow whistle on thumbs down on pin it on send up the river lay at one's door protest against bluster huff be rude to call names blow off cut to the quick run something down show up charge with protest strongly dump on menace intimidate take a stand trash-talk call someone names throw shade at thunder against rage against make a protest rant about vociferate about animadvert upon vilipend give a black eye protest strongly at remonstrate about challenge bushwhack beset tackle sic sick assault raid rush rant and rave rile make a stand against take issue with object to raise objections to make a protest against complain vociferously about disagree violently with oppose strongly put up a fight against kick against complain bitterly about take a stand against speak out against kick up take great exception to set on turn on dive into go in on cry down grumble moan whine grouch gripe fuss grizzle whinge bark at beef grouse crab wail caterwaul cry grump scream repine bellyache bleat keen address talk descant expatiate exhort descend on wade into descend upon wade in pounce on pounce upon holler mutter kvetch squeal yammer squawk whimper murmur croak yawp maunder earbash pontificate to sermonize to spout to soapbox declaim to stump accost apostrophize spiel sermonize preach to hold forth to sermonise buttonhole yowl yelp yap bawl yaup spout at spiel to deliver a tirade to speechify to preachify to grouch about sound off to get on a soapbox hold forth give a lecture to larrup whack have at kick up a fuss work over sound off about bellyache about take exception complain vehemently about beef about flax wax whomp tan one's hide hit hard give the cat o'nine tails

Verb

To put down or control by cruelty or force
oppress abuse subjugate suppress crush maltreat persecute subdue enslave repress tyrannise tyrannize wrong hegemonize ill-treat master overcome overpower overwhelm exploit scourge subject keep down treat harshly aggrieve annoy be brutal to be cruel to beset coerce despotize distress dominate encumber force grind down harass harry hold down hound outrage overload overthrow plague press ride rule rule over saddle smother strain tax torment torture trample tyrranize vex worry hold sway over put down trample on trample underfoot tyrannize over beat down pick on put upon ride roughshod over walk all over bring to heel put screws to weigh heavy upon bring someone to their knees bring under the yoke put the squeeze on rule with a rod of iron rule with an iron hand quell keep under vanquish quash conquer defeat prostrate devastate whelm floor break squash swamp squelch overmaster reduce keep under thumb snow under destroy weaken intimidate domineer over yoke tread disfranchise deprive hobble disenfranchise keep in subjection keep under one's thumb keep in submission lick tread on tame get hooks into take away someone's human rights subordinate colonize humble pacify underyoke triumph clobber hammer compel enthrall gain ascendancy over enthral colonise gain control of gain mastery over crack down on bear down hold sway kick around reel back in bring to knees wipe the floor with extinguish wreck silence obliterate ruin quelch kill ice strangle clamp down on put an end to force down stamp out blot out slap down bear down on blow away snuff out put a stop to

Verb

To make something more complex
complicate entangle confuse muddle embroil perplex embarrass complex complexify ravel sophisticate involve make difficult mix up snarl up bedevil clog combine confound convolute derange disarrange disorder elaborate fold impede infold interfuse interrelate interweave intricate jumble make complex make complicated mess up mire muddy multiply obfuscate obscure screw up snafu snag tangle thwart twist upset make more difficult foul up make difficulties make waves muck up render unintelligible set hurdles make intricate add fuel to fire open can of worms befog befuddle discombobulate fuddle cloud blur garble muddy the waters becloud mystify disorient fog make unclear discompose muck make a mess of rattle confuscate distort baffle bewilder disorganize bemuse flummox beat darken conceal stump muss disrupt nonplus puzzle pose throw faze get addle fox bamboozle clutter gravel maze dumbfound bungle disconcert botch vex buffalo wilder snarl floor disturb distract stumble perturb throw into disorder get to make someone scratch their head psych out overshadow make obscure eclipse put off mull amaze stir profundicate foil flabbergast frustrate snow set someone thinking wonder ambiguate repress misrepresent hide scramble mislead misinform render uncertain obnubilate disarray tarnish falsify fuzz color equivocate colour taint lead astray muddy up rumple shuffle tousle fuzz up disjoint dishevel dislocate misarrange muddy the waters of foul jumble up throw off get into a tangle muff mix stir up fumble mess ruffle blunder spoil louse up throw up smoke screen cloud the issue throw a veil over exercise worry implicate beset thicken encumber concern incriminate baulk stun astound surprise balk astonish throw off balance catch off balance inculpate connect enmesh associate cause to be at a stand be all Greek to mix you up link ensnare rope in draw in wrap up in stitch up get into bear on compromise

Verb

Make uniform in application or effect
equalize level balance match equate regularise regularize square standardise standardize equal even make equal smooth even off make even adjust align commeasure communize compare coordinate democratise democratize emulate establish even out even up level off level up make consistent make uniform parallel rival socialise socialize trim make level make the same bring into line line up offset balance out counterpoise counterbalance counteract make up for compensate neutralize nullify cancel out compensate for correct neutralise redress countervail equilibrize cancel annul negate counterweigh negative stabilize level out redress the balance balance up redeem stabilise equipoise regulate steady undo render ineffective outweigh make comparable counterweight atone for set off make up symmetrize proportional rectify equiponderate amend tip the scales average out invalidate tally pair liken defuse wipe out overrule overcome defeat countercheck make ineffective override subdue deactivate abrogate frustrate conquer paragon compare with agree average similize agree with regard represent treat hold consider be equal to indemnify square up be an antidote to support obviate make equivalent make identical stabilitate poise prop make good charge recompense requite counterpose account correspond to be commensurate be commensurate with normalize stereotype assimilate homogenize regiment brace correspond with mass-produce be equivalent allow for make restitution for make amends for make amends institutionalize systematize formalize make stable become stable keep steady order institute methodize oppose set tie collate attune readjust accord systematise institutionalise normalise formalise homogenise pair off come out come out even mass produce make regular

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