Đồng nghĩa của abridge

Alternative for abridge

abridges, abridged, abridging

Đồng nghĩa: abbreviate, compress, condense, contract, curtail, cut, reduce,

Trái nghĩa: expand, extend,

Verb

To shorten in duration or extent
cut clip condense contract lessen trim abbreviate abstract compress curtail decrease diminish prune reduce shorten summarise summarize truncate concentrate cut down digest crop downsize synopsize cut short epitomise epitomize shrink dock edit elide outline pare down precis sketch syncopate chop cut back limit narrow restrict slash snip sum up blue pencil give an abstract of give a summary of give a digest of give an outline of give a precis of give a synopsis of put in a nutshell put in nutshell encapsulate boil down précis recap telescope recapitulate lower pare summate brief reprise retrench sum wrap up inventory capsulize minimize minify dwindle moderate drop minimise slim down constrict review give the main points of lop ease check abate weaken run down run through get to meat de-escalate impair give the gist of wind down capsule consolidate compact curb skim abort restrain make smaller compile halt rein in close erode depress attenuate hold back downscale give main points mark down temper deplete lighten cut off dilute stop short make less dent give a rundown of make a summary of go over break off tone down roll back knock down bring down cut back on expurgate bowdlerize zip tighten bowdlerise conflate capture record express squeeze shear top make shorter deflate wither shrivel take out cut out write a summary of retrograde cipher rehash make fewer turn down cut down on get shorter excerpt take up bob round down inhibit tighten up cramp control get to the meat cypher economize economise put down shave reduce greatly turn up describe delineate make a outline of rein back mark off make a résumé of draft indicate characterize estimate examine conclude total cut to the bone put the brakes on put a restriction on put a limit on adumbrate make a long story short draught characterise shift swing modify play stress accent touch on size up give a rough idea of make an outline of skeleton tell about skeletonize give a quick rundown on give a rough idea lay out give a thumbnail sketch of axe ax eliminate confine remove omit delete get the measure of give a summing-up review the evidence summarize the argument summarize the evidence salami-slice make cutbacks in make reductions in whittle down whittle away take off stop finish end terminate discontinue decline interrupt subside relax suspend fall wane fade let up grow less ebb freeze quit allay palliate deaden assuage alleviate blunt dull taper off drop off slacken remit recede relent postpone mitigate soften dampen get less ease off tail off grow smaller leave unfinished stop dead bring to an end call a halt put a stop to break short stop in full flow stop cold drop away sink quieten die down taper pall flag desist die off mollify tame discount degrade plummet nosedive waste away go down come down slump peter out dial down take the bite out die away blur become smaller drain amputate fall away take the sting out thin die out slack up ratchet down drain away soft-pedal phase down slow down take the edge off relieve quell soothe scale down cushion stifle subdue muffle suppress calm depreciate qualify slow smother devaluate lenify mute cool damp downgrade extenuate decrement undermine contain damp down sap step down devalue cheapen still rationalize appease help lull quiet retard numb rationalise break quench slake benumb tranquilize repress tranquillize compose hinder stay write off ease up on deduct sate silence dissipate empty disempower exhaust extinguish cauterize absorb satisfy take down undervalue regulate put a damper on water down mellow lop off cauterise hamper choke write down set back play down scale back economize on put an end to get rid of consume couch adulterate overcome subtract ration delay placate gentle dry up slim detain handicap debase buffer trim back trim down decelerate paralyse put damper on enfeeble devalorize bolster impede modulate put the lid on collapse take make weaker obstruct dam pacify disable cripple debilitate stem stall destroy circumscribe buttress block anaesthetize arrest keep down hold up staunch comfort ameliorate kill phase out stanch make light of withdraw paralyze anesthetize keep back detract make nice mire retardate pour oil on sweeten loiter interfere with hang up average down bog down level down scale something down wear away wear down foreshorten slenderize loosen spare mask hush revise dip pillow diffuse euphemize bridle defuse chill halve downplay discourage whittle satiate extend lace sophisticate deter muzzle squelch demote restraint nose dive dispense with deliver a blow to invalidate blanket dash hebetate desensitise desensitize obtund retrench on fill surfeit gratify rarefy vitiate offset enervate stamp out mince keep it down decrease the volume pipe down fix up take sting out dulcify patch things up adjust keep to a minimum keep at a minimum do away with take the heat off cloud throw cold water on keep in check soak up thin out smooth let up on make less strict make less formal reduce punishment commute bring to a standstill prevent withstand oppose resist pour cold water on cause to fall dispel insulate pad seclude guard put a lid on soften up loose slack disintegrate refresh crumble relaxed dismiss banish drive away chase away put to rest square drive off reduce the effect of make lighter amortise cast down amortize reduce something cool out play up to nutshell humble take down a peg demerit bump revert declass ruin abase bench disburden disencumber levitate upraise uplight change facilitate free jettison eradicate unload unburden chop down incapacitate dim stun frustrate etherize chloroform KO drown unnerve stupefy injure gas deprive tire dope cut to bone disperse scatter minus clog brake debit encumber knock out put out of order put to sleep expend decry derogate deprecate belittle discredit defer unadd denigrate reduce weight put off throw out pour out spend slow up hamstring withhold evacuate use up budget cut tune down roll down trim away stunt put back underrate trivialize strangle defame milk knock off take from take away draw back take a load off trammel cumber become less dense become less numerous knock vilipend tauten strangulate focus clench tense straiten constringe pinch lag close off down hesitate loaf back off falter crimp throw a monkey wrench in the works of baulk bog balk baffle bring to screeching halt shut off shut down choke off dawdle put a brake on throw a spanner in the works of poke fetter puncture flatten tuck astringe burn bleed devour procrastinate embog reef fix bound cap misprize suck dry impoverish bankrupt back-water hit the brakes lose speed lose steam let down flaps get in the way of keep waiting anchor it void become less in number clear out blister disesteem backbite specify demarcate trivialise draw down draw waste squander play out pooh-pooh let down bind send up cool down inclose keep within limits come down on put a ceiling on keep a tight rein on keep within bounds surround delimitate prelimit define bottle up set limits on shut in keep under control demark clip someone's wings put away pin down enclose encircle hem in put on ice hold down chain impose limits on tether constrain delimit make narrower get narrower draw together get smaller get thinner narrow down draw in become narrower subtract from gloss over laugh at hold cheap cut rate take away from brush aside let the air out empty the air out of wash up eat up dig into make less intense

Verb

To render comprehensible or understandable
make simpler make easier make straightforward reduce to the bare bones shorten simplify streamline clarify elucidate demystify unriddle explain construe explicate illustrate expound demonstrate illuminate spell out clear up make plain make easy break down boil down cut the frills get to the meat reduce put in a nutshell lay out break it down get down to basics clean up make perfectly clear unscramble cut down make clear interpret get across analyse draw a picture order put one straight analyze let daylight in facilitate let sunlight in disinvolve clean it up hit the high spots chasten decipher unfold describe unravel define decode untangle reveal translate gloss enlighten throw light on point out show annotate delineate disclose comment on tell shed light on put in plain English go into detail put across resolve render develop expand enucleate clear exemplify specify characterize detail explain in detail make explicit educate sort out diagram uncover characterise expose straighten out give the details of draw a picture of flesh out run over make obvious discourse comment set forth summarize expand on talk about give a commentary on explain in simple terms justify clue in draw a map of fill someone in throw light upon emphasize paraphrase reword summarise proclaim allegorize emphasise mark edify rephrase dilate amplify criticize appraise expatiate bring home sum up lay bare exhibit guide put into words disentangle defog express in words paint a picture report discuss communicate declare put in plain words give an explanation of spell it out brief shed light teach set the scene enunciate make intelligible get over show and tell point up illumine rationalize work out criticise convert inform instruct express rationalise settle restate recast cast light on give insight put in the picture give insight into formulate run down enlarge upon tell why explicitize give the big picture put into plain English explicitise highlight metaphrase transpose prove shed make simple clear the air about get something straight clear the air state in layman's language do into straighten up make see daylight expound on

Verb

To fix, correct, revise or improve (a text or document)
edit revise correct adapt check improve polish redraft rewrite condense emend rephrase rework censor copy-edit assemble cut modify redact reword annotate rescript revamp shorten approve alter amend amplify analyse analyze assign blue-pencil butcher change compile compose delete discard draught draft excise feature fine-tune finish massage prepare prescribe proofread publish recalibrate rectify refine regulate rehash report retouch scrub splice style tighten trim clean up iron out boil down check over fix up fly speck go over make up set up strike out tidy up write over prepare for publication adjust update recast reform better redo upgrade reshape reorganize remodel reorganise touch up perfect vary enhance tweak develop redraw ameliorate repair help debug remake fix refashion redesign restyle reconstruct make over overhaul remedy hone elevate convert set right right red-pencil remould transform rejig temper metamorphose square fashion mend emendate remold progress mold tailor readjust modulate rearrange lift raise look over affect doctor mould turn around make adjustments to make alterations to boost cultivate clarify rebrand shape up straighten out pick up qualify transmute transfigure turn the corner put right shift evolve renovate redress meliorate enrich switch mutate morph revolutionize shape retool reorient customize translate reorder go through regenerate reorientate reconcile moderate diversify warp reconfigure revolutionise reconstitute turn alternate replace tamper with pay dues reshuffle transpose rejigger commute review make innovations permute interchange customise refurbish tune remap subedit advance rise heighten increase expurgate bowdlerize say differently bowdlerise augment sharpen purify recuperate fit cure suit condition make strides perk up take off make perfect bend paraphrase make improvements to put make make good sort out optimise optimize reclaim elaborate complete grow metastasize move metamorphize renew patch up clear up deal with look through mark up copyedit remove errors check through rebuild transmogrify put differently XXX consummate crown polish up do over fiddle with make right set straight transubstantiate alchemize diverge clean up one's act get with it set the record straight put in order finish off express differently put another way put in other words metamorphosize redevelop rehabilitate permutate denature refit recondition cook transfer pass realign transmutate transit turn over new leaf turn the tables stir up change completely shift gears sing different tune switch over turn upside down do up put the finishing touches to put the final touches to compare scan scrutinize reexamine scrutinise launder examine fluctuate distort transition swing disguise flip-flop substitute vacillate swap veer displace make up for maintain strengthen beef up benefit mitigate reanimate vitalize bolster rehab revive save revitalise resurrect revitalize fine revivify remediate stimulate sustain facilitate ease restore fortify reread give something the once-over bone up brush up freshen up tamper order remix shuffle become different arrange make different resolve put to rights settle retrieve make better solve set to rights heal make amends for recompense dial back harmonize harmonise modernize redeem compensate compensate for smarten up patch modernise straighten up expiate atone for make reparation for make amends make restitution for refresh balance counteract service change for the better rejuvenate even up turn things around uplift promote tidy straighten pay for reinforce neaten make restitution make reparation sort work on see to atone appease requite bring up to code reenforce retread face-lift spruce up smarten make tidy make recompense for make level tune up do penance make good for make redress for put something to rights avenge conciliate reward go straight do justice become aid make changes to fine tune phony up correct mid-course spell-check alleviate attend to become better step up build on offset end restitute put on the right track bring around square up transcend excel improve on take care of remove eliminate remaster forgive absolve excuse purge relieve appreciate further diagnose untangle troubleshoot delouse unscramble unravel fettle redecorate assuage forward get working cancel countercheck frustrate neutralise annul negate negative neutralize vindicate groom streamline doctor up re-create put back together restore to working order pay recompense for beautify make as good as new do away with get to the bottom of be the answer to put an end to be the solution to embellish square things do penance for level out balance out restore the balance even out contemporize answer finalize posh up make smarter tart up doll up make neater spruce jazz up brighten up gussy up rationalize innovate re-equip propitiate work the bugs out of rationalise make redress pay the price say sorry make recompense redeem oneself absolve oneself take one's medicine apologise apologize pay the penalty finalise sleek practice practise slick mature round bring up to date regularize equalize get the latest version of bring into the twenty-first century make improvement improve performance clean up your act pull your socks up get your act together mellow turn over a new leaf get it together uncurl regularise equalise unkink align restructure uncoil unbend set make straight make plumb put vertical even level smooth down put straight organise put perpendicular flatten untwist put upright organize unfold

Verb

To produce (a list or book) by assembling information collected from other sources
compile anthologize collect accumulate amass gather marshall marshal organise organize arrange assemble collate compose cull garner put together systematise systematize systemize colligate collocate concentrate congregate consolidate edit glean group hoard list muster recapitulate record register unite make up sort out bring together draw together get together heap up pile up set down categorize sort classify categorise order catalogue range index catalog methodize codify lay out tabulate dispose file structure array chart class stockpile grade assort accrue digest formulate pile accrete cumulate mass heap log rate constellate conglomerate amound shape prioritize regiment set out corral aggregate inventory prioritise draw up lump bulk up stack up collimate parallel stage build up tabularize stagger alphabetize present enumerate figure type peg compartment rank compartmentalize place summarize separate relegate coordinate distinguish distribute condense compartmentalise summarise code administrate choreograph itemize itemise quantify gather together break down prepare plan phase direct frame design manage agglomerate heap together standardize regulate constitute pigeonhole mould fit triage tailor adapt correlate control standardise construct fix harmonise settle harmonize fashion combine straighten mold adjust put straight put in order straighten out line up lick into shape knock into shape whip into shape position form sequence align queue select choose display pose orient bracket set typecast allineate put down as spread out deploy exhibit assign spruce police tidy build pattern space ordinate rearrange designate tag configure line brand label reorder put out spruce up divide set in order subcategorize reclassify recategorize regroup stand give structure to place in order set forth adduce focus organize systematically portion set in line form up seat situate relate examine verify check analogize match shepherd even set up pick comb winnow screen sift tab riddle put in rows arrange in line bring into line make straight straighten up even up put in columns make parallel make even size up button down put down for put in shape

Trái nghĩa của abridge

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