Đồng nghĩa của assuming

Alternative for assuming

assumes, assumed, assuming

Đồng nghĩa: adopt, believe, presume, put on, suppose, suspect, think, understand,

Trái nghĩa: conclude,

Adjective

Arrogant or presumptuous
arrogant bold conceited disdainful domineering egotistic forward haughty imperious overbearing presumptuous pretentious pushy rude supercilious high and mighty lofty pompous overweening superior lordly cavalier uppity hifalutin sniffy highfalutin huffy high-handed high-and-mighty uppish insolent cocky snobbish bumptious smug important audacious toplofty toploftical snooty self-important stuck-up stiff-necked peremptory proud scornful contemptuous egotistical overconfident brash patronizing aloof condescending vain ostentatious boastful hoity-toity cool vainglorious prideful toffee-nosed patronising puffed up chesty huffish presuming masterful narcissistic dismissive assumptive cocksure snotty egoistical egoistic bigheaded swellheaded blustering opinionated elitist snobby hubristic immodest bloated swaggering biggety assured self-assertive self-asserting swollen-headed high-hat big-headed biggity self-conceited stuck up self-satisfied full of oneself self-opinionated brazen brassy impertinent smart snippy sassy saucy malapert too big for one's boots holier-than-thou sure too big for one's breeches confident self-affected self-confident self-engrossed selfish self-righteous self-congratulatory pontifical egocentric orgulous impudent self-promoting self-assured self-contented self-adulatory self-serving self-glorifying self-centred self-centered blusterous high fancy-pants la-di-da above oneself self-aggrandizing distant detached reserved on high horse indifferent on your high horse bullish affected dictatorial officious bossy bragging smarty remote swanky unabashed flip wise tony pushful persnickety contumelious autocratic unblushing barefaced boldfaced cheeky procacious pert fresh know-it-all wise guy on an ego trip on one's high horse self-respecting cold-shoulder smart-alecky throwing one's weight about high-flown putting on airs nervy magisterial complacent inflated authoritarian grandiose tyrannical despotic consequential full of yourself self-loving sneering mocking self-admiring oppressive aristocratic boasting posh scoffing self-regarding self-absorbed arbitrary swollen commanding authoritative egomaniacal stuck on oneself tyrannous autocratical tyrannic sententious self-obsessed strutting too big for your boots showy wrapped up in oneself potty ritzy inner-directed stuffy inconsiderate dogmatic dominating puffed-up solipsistic self-interested introverted derisive stiff individualistic withering self-involved self-oriented self-preoccupied self-infatuated self-concerned slighting insulting self-seeking disparaging gracious jeering disrespectful rigid portentous iron-handed heavy-handed jumped up abhorrent willful wilful repressive puffy pontificating strict draconian inflexible flaunting severe harsh imperial belittling full of contempt la-de-da high-minded imperative braggart braggy pleased with oneself personal uncivil refined exclusive brassbound arch coercive undemocratic highhanded derisory anti-democratic priggish goody-goody loudmouth autarchic egomaniac peacockish dominant thoughtless forceful scathing flatulent brazen-faced hotshot assertive bold-faced iron-fisted demeaning degrading derogative snide depreciative denigratory detractive derogatory decrying pejorative uncomplimentary depreciatory deprecatory denigrative regnant doctrinaire unyielding sardonic highfaluting opprobrious in love with oneself inward-looking pleased with yourself demanding throwing one's weight around think too highly of oneself snot-nosed think a lot of oneself full of hot air subjective obsessive have an excessively high opinion of oneself intimate intrinsic isolated self-complacent self-flattering self-applauding extraverted bombastic self-pleased unreserved self-gratulatory self-dramatizing blustery extroverted uninhibited offhand standoffish stooping ambitious vaunting absolute elitist casual curt poncey windy airy puffed dicty unconcerned insouciant uninterested honourable honorable silliness giddy dizzy flighty obnoxious loud disciplinarian totalitarian cliquish unceremonious discourteous la-dee-da complaisant wiseguy illiberal denigrating abrupt brusque glib terse cursory off perfunctory ungracious high falutin defiant bullying blowing one's own horn offensively self-assertive take-it-or-leave-it pococurante offish sarcastic overproud ironhanded cynical hypercritical lording it careless swollen with pride on a high horse majestic regal imposing august judicial stately dignified familiar free overbold too big for one's britches nose in the air grand spectacular magnificent splendid exaggerated flowery overstated abusive despicable malicious preponderant ascendant prevalent rash overfamiliar impolite highfalutin' compulsatory obligatory mandatory exacting required compulsory inborn ingrained inherent idiosyncratic uncaring unthinking impetuous overhasty precipitate previous premature hasty foolhardy think one is the cat's whiskers think one is God's gift think one is the cat's pyjamas presumptive looking after number one wisenheimer improper inappropriate shameless Neronian dogmatical clamorous crack-the-whip stern firm throwing weight around dictative rejecting contemning averse despising antipathetic unsympathetic scouting repudiating genteel mannered contrived artificial chichi precious schmaltzy campy grandstanding well pleased proud of oneself self-approving positive certain jaunty independent taunting lah-di-dah self-indulgent self-sufficient having a swelled head wrapped up with oneself hypocritical pious pietistic sanctimonious crowing flamboyant big self-aggrandising cock-a-hoop turning up your nose at looking down your nose at high falutin' upper-class smart aleck smart guy smarty pants subjugating controlling hard-nosed hard temperamental disapproving upstage gone Hollywood over-refined full of airs and graces strong-willed high hat dog it pharisaic mealy-mouthed pi moralizing unctuous windbag brag boast conceity ham phony gall phoney preachy Pharisaic noble canting Tartuffian Pharisaical in driver's seat crack the whip moralising big talking blowing one's own trumpet too good to be true

Adjective

Informal or intimate to an inappropriate degree
malapert presumptuous cheeky forward brazen impertinent insolent bold fresh rude audacious sassy flip cocky brash pert saucy disrespectful wise nervy smart brassy contumelious flippant bumptious presuming procacious unabashed barefaced immodest boldfaced cool overconfident unblushing pushy assumptive familiar overbold arrant blatant smart-alecky off-base impudent shameless brazen-faced brass-necked defiant irreverent confident overfamiliar bold-faced cocksure arch in-your-face brassbound free arrogant bold as brass bantam coming on strong self-assured heavy boldface obvious cute smart-aleck smarty-pants facetious snippety feisty unembarrassed unreserved unashamed unshrinking forceful spirited gritty not backwards in coming forwards crude bad-mannered insubordinate ill-mannered discourteous mannerless unmannerly shocking outrageous smart-arsed mouthy lippy overweening smart-assed temeritous aggressive daring forthright uninhibited out of line direct overassertive uppity overfriendly thrusting self-assertive bare-faced over-assertive mischievous glib witty offhand playful jokey jocular sarcastic tongue-in-cheek whimsical humorous clever breezy frivolous funny dismissive jesting droll casual inane inappropriate superficial amusing ridiculous joking insulting impish waggish jocose carefree blithe comical impolite snippy ironic highbrowed sharp quick quick-witted as bold as brass crass fearless brave inconsiderate plucky shallow irresponsible thoughtless insouciant smart-mouthed ill-bred flighty puckish meddlesome smug combative intrusive volatile weisenheiming obtrusive light-hearted chirpy dapper dashing bright keen indecorous ludicrous foolish punning dry farcical pointed ingenious undisguised flagrant apt agile highbrow incisive adept nimble ready bantering smooth nifty abusive contemptuous tawdry flashy meretricious spunky hotshot loud indecent gutsy bald-faced uncivil lacking civility offensive bad mannered overbearing out-of-line imperative peremptory magisterial dictatorial disdainful ungracious put down scintillating sharp-witted snazzy tactful teasing profound racy nimble-witted snappy sparkling risible cutting quick on the draw mirthful entertaining quick on the uptake slapstick silly sardonic wisecracking lighthearted wry roguish precious cutesy satirical mincingly clever

Adjective

Characterized by a lack of sincerity
Pecksniffian insincere hypocritical phoney fake artificial pretended feigned phony backhanded unctuous mealy counterfeit mealymouthed double jive lip false duplicitous deceptive dissembling lying faithless fraudulent hollow canting specious spurious snide affected feigning glib jivey oily unnatural unreliable deluding pharisaic smooth pietistic sanctimonious pharisaical bland captious cavilling caviling fishy moralistic pious two-faced double-dealing double-faced phoney-baloney phony-baloney Janus-faced left-handed self-righteous smooth-spoken smooth-tongued formal goody-goody holier-than-thou deceitful dishonest treacherous untruthful perfidious untrue disingenuous mendacious shifty pretentious disloyal pretend knavish devious dissimulating cynical underhand untrustworthy deceiving assumed inauthentic sham sly tricky underhanded guileful crafty back-stabbing evasive double-crossing hypocritic unfaithful Tartuffian Pharisaic Pharisaical exaggerated overdone cunning artful beguiling backstabbing sneaky misleading foxy not candid lacking sincerity put-on not frank double dealing slick pseud ambidextrous slippery unsound flimsy dual with tongue in cheek unconvincing invalid insignificant weak hollow-hearted devoid of validity ambiguous uncertain ironic equivocal paradoxical cryptic enigmatic sardonic dubious indirect double-meaning double-edged crooked swindling criminal sharp cheating illegal shady corrupt illicit bent dishonourable unscrupulous unlawful dirty defrauding fast unprincipled unethical rogue unfair unjust shonky dodgy pseudo bamboozling forged dishonorable against the law falsified mock imitation

Adjective

Filled with or inspiring hope

Adjective

Willing, or inclined, to take chances or risks
bold brave courageous daring fearless heroic intrepid adventurous audacious gallant undaunted valiant dauntless enterprising gutsy valorous unafraid unflinching dashing plucky adventuresome venturesome ballsy confident daredevil gritty positive spirited swashbuckling assured brash decisive doughty emboldened foolhardy free-swinging greathearted gutty hardy heroical lionhearted manful nerved nervy rash reckless spunky stalwart stout stouthearted undauntable venturous feisty game lion-hearted temerarious aweless bantam resolute mettlesome stout-hearted vigorous determined unshrinking indomitable energetic strong manly have-a-go chivalrous dynamic peppy devil-may-care madcap lively tough active powerful tenacious heedless vital noble forceful fiery unabashed animated macho flamboyant enthusiastic red-blooded rock-ribbed unfearful wild go-ahead death-or-glory muscular unblenching imprudent hasty ostentatious ambitious impulsive exciting zippy impetuous headstrong virile incautious overbold showy robust fire-eating passionate potent aggressive risky vivacious high-spirited sprightly masculine male steely dazzling jaunty zealous driving bouncy brassy snappy precipitate pushy vibrant unalarmed extravagant carefree rugged assertive full of life gay overconfident cocky sparky butch grandiose spartan dogged risk-taking big harum-scarum ill-advised as game as Ned Kelly unfearing strapping effervescent sparkling gingery brisk lusty injudicious exploratory hotheaded frisky chirpy thrill-seeking emphatic resourceful exuberant thoughtless pert spanking brazen vehement high-powered intense racy staunch honourable buoyant epic full-blooded careless dangerous go-go breezy keen hazardous steadfast sturdy alert death-defying impavid grand bright full of beans full of vim and vigour frightless eager peppery honorable tireless irresponsible unguarded perky overhasty bubbly furious romantic unwary hare-brained ardent desperate improvident pushing unthinking zesty indiscreet kinetic zestful animate headlong springy pizazzy pizzazzy bouncing jazzy unwise indefatigable harebrained all-male effective resounding striking airy manlike original imaginative ingenious shameless strenuous muscly sporty inventive forcible firm brawny high-octane bright-eyed and bushy-tailed creative urbane smart mannish unswerving unfaltering unyielding entrepreneurial high-flown man-size ripped man-sized hunky hot-headed exaggerated well-built lordly shredded up-and-coming elaborate elevated progressive defiant innovative monumental Herculean well built unconsidered buff jacked lofty irrational fortitudinous laddish quixotic violent generative cheerful dareful sharp forward precipitous hell-for-leather kamikaze hairy outrageous go-getting persevering redoubtable cool sporting rousing ebullient shocking joyful sound cheeky herolike merry frolicsome pretentious frenzied jumping to conclusions slapdash insuppressible immature premature ill-considered worthy puissant icy gumptious zappy jolly stirring two-fisted overambitious busy industrious lavish gamesome effectual persistent spry precipitant peart impassioned fresh ill-judged storming punchy intensive coming on strong full of spirit alive and kicking bright and breezy unsafe foolish full of get-up-and-go full of the joys of spring all-out hard-hitting swaggering nerveless rakish unwavering unbending stylish stubborn bravehearted debonair gaudy eye-catching startling flashy full of determination roisterous resilient undismayed ungoverned uncurbed restless presumptuous seeking sassy saucy unspeakable Ramboesque mettled resolved rumbustious cavalier orped attractive raffish unconcerned unworried unapprehensive earnest pioneering boisterous superhuman impervious undisturbed great-spirited fun-loving swish elegant on the go unremitting pertinacious chin-up liberal disruptive advanced forward-looking modern enduring purposeful classic unabashed by unshakable undaunted by dapper perseverant unthought-out ill-conceived misjudged inflated enlightened forward-thinking driven suave dignified irrepressible frolic crank champion mythological unscared sure unalarmed by unfrightened tearaway bull-in-a-china-shop exclusive swank adult jock stud beefcake ape stallion boyish caveman hunk flourishing electrifying full of fun new rising alive bustling frantic gung ho badly thought out not thought through excited happening colorful humming colourful buzzing vivid stand tall unheeding lawless hopping coruscating stimulating thriving astir abuzz salty impudent crusty smart-alecky obtrusive avant-garde chauvinist he-man sensitive untiring vibrating unflagging radiant responsive bigger than life solid husky burly substantial hefty not scared abubble aboil over-venturesome over-adventurous fire eating hot shot monstrous scandalous heinous anxious stupid wide open mad silly breakneck off deep end out on limb ball of fire full of pep studly powerfully built fecund beefy well made fertile having nerves of steel aggressively male ultramasculine unpleasantly masculine go for broke atrocious worried distracted in-your-face pulling no punches high-sounding magnetic electric high-minded egotistic out on a limb reproductive sexually potent procreative large imposing knightly pompous bombastic OTT cheery happy sunny immoderate immodest upbeat large-scale unrealistic high-falutin' high-flying far-reaching on a grand scale flush exorbitant magnificent commanding extreme excessive chivalric magnanimous jovial gleeful playful charismatic influential compelling energizing hyped-up activating go-getter productive vitalizing self-motivated highpowered energising blithesome chipper imperious impressive fantastic disproportionate impish jocose exhilarated loyal just high true sublime gentlemanly fair natural great courteous gifted capable able talented clever quick-witted rollicking sparkly sportive wick devilish glad perk light play for keeps play hard ball over the top fanciful unreasonable insane trim easy natty virtuous courtly constant flip joking spruce avid barnstorming rocking hot jumping burning zingy hyper hungry take-over itching craving hardworking yearning diligent aspiring hustling lusting advancing self-starting ready in good spirits gentlemanlike benevolent great-hearted noble-minded well-mannered as merry as a grig as lively as a grig spark plug hard ball negligent inconsiderate misguided unwatchful inattentive unobservant mindless impolitic off-guard unalert uncautious regardless unmindful wary unvigilant neglectful caught napping asleep at the wheel playing with fire leading with one's chin off guard pay no mind fast-and-loose sticking one's neck out not careful any old way asleep on the job foot-in-mouth

Verb

To hold an opinion
feeling believing thinking holding maintaining deeming considering judging holding that viewing concluding figuring reckoning adjudging assessing considering it right esteeming estimating expecting regarding adjudicating coming to the conclusion that opining guessing supposing presuming imagining suspecting conjecturing surmising inferring accepting presupposing fancying deducing premising reasoning positing predicating understanding saying hypothesizing daresaying finding theorizing postulating gleaning gathering speculating divining ascertaining counting upon suspicioning getting the idea falling for theorising coming to the conclusion weening taking it as given taking for granted taking it having sneaking suspicion taking as read having a hunch hypothesising drawing the inference conceiving rating counting gauging calling determining gaging evaluating perceiving calculating accounting appraising seeing looking on allowing looking upon daring say taking setting down sensing deciding valuing appreciating regarding as thinking of seeing as sizing up holding to be looking on as discerning trusting guesstimating viewing as summing up resolving apprehending setting anticipating interpreting as hazarding a guess weighing up decreeing classing intuiting ranking ruling forecasting foreseeing predicting reading valuating construing making placing venturing suggesting taking for classing as crediting computing figuring out working out thinking of as thinking likely having a feeling observing pronouncing realizing settling recognizing comprehending grasping extrapolating interpreting noticing approximating detecting treating deriving weighing cognizing savvying telling fathoming contemplating foretelling twigging getting knowing making out pretending discovering tumbling to counting on assaying philosophizing realising putting down as recognising philosophising taking stock in taking as gospel truth cottoning on to catching on to thinking it likely swearing by noting declaring proclaiming establishing distinguishing projecting learning assigning arbitrating explaining compassing envisaging putting classifying registering pricing ordaining drawing previsioning ruling on announcing dreaming dare-saying assimilating reputing visualizing visualising numbering pegging decoding deciphering digging foreknowing forefeeling forming an opinion of allowing for taking it as read rating as setting store by grokking planning on doping out having an idea that regarding as likely believing to be deeming to be betting making of taking to be taking a stab banking on taking as a hypothesis getting the picture reckoning on bargaining for prescribing fixing setting at taking a shot granting advancing solving imputing propounding submitting ratiocinating syllogizing thinking about formulating a theory forming a theory asserting putting forward building on having an idea drawing conclusions conceding thinking it likely that having as one's opinion postulating that theorizing that proposing stating having a sneaking suspicion hearing taking it for granted posing ordering directing dictating taking something on board seeing through rationalizing differentiating seeing the light hearing tell rationalising stumbling on contextualizing feeling for contextualising setting forth asseverating defining hazarding reviewing classing as being thinking of as being forming an impression of casting regarding as being forming opinion looking on as being laying down the law commanding seeing as being passing upon viewing as being setting a figure on laying down making a judgement implying surveying conceiving of characterising characterizing describing grading sussing swearing inspecting admiring latching on to making a guess at making an estimate of picking out dreaming up picking taking a stab at cooking up taking a shot at going out on a limb having a sneaking suspicion of jumping to a conclusion refereeing umpiring revering remarking commenting editorializing reflecting weighing in respecting factoring in factoring into providing for recceing entertaining the idea taking the view subscribing to the opinion averring betting bottom dollar swearing up and down buying crossing one's heart laying money on lapping up apportioning awarding sentencing charging auditing examining having one's number checking out figuring in eyeing up sizing checking eyeing looking over taking account of identifying picking up measuring positioning standing categorizing envisioning seizing scenting catching putting down for pigeonholing categorising marking down as buttoning down reckoning to be putting a value on tabbing guessing at thinking to be typecasting tagging judging to be finding to be considering to be including prophesying prognosticating apperceiving smelling beholding tasting auguring soothsaying looking at forming the opinion ranking as espying entertaining portending foreboding forewarning becoming cognizant of catching the drift just knowing coming to know getting vibes getting to know feeling in bones feeling in gut being aware of becoming aware of being cognizant of cottoning to becoming conscious of getting the impression getting the drift catching on having a funny feeling feeling in your bones taking in getting the impression of planning presaging vaticinating finalizing waiting for looking for spaeing figuring on auspicating seeing in the cards calling it seeing coming bargaining on prevising preparing for watching for hoping for seeing it coming having a hunch of counting chickens foretasting foreshadowing pre-empting psyching out contemplating the possibility of adumbrating containing involving entailing encompassing specifying confirming designating agreeing to editorialising authorising coming to a decision about authorizing squaring off naming nailing down calling the shots on agreeing on cinching deciding on pinning down settling on fixing upon squaring up finalising taking a decision on clinching estimating as feeling to be imagining to be calculating to be conceiving to be

Verb

Present participle for to hire (somebody) for work or a job

Noun

The action or fact of adopting or being adopted
adoption assumption acceptance approval endorsement espousal support appropriation ratification acquiring acquisition affectation affecting choice embracing selection taking on advocacy arrogation following maintenance promotion rubber-stamping validation approbation authorisation authorization backing sanctioning confirmation embracement enactment implementation taking over taking up passing sanction legalization establishment legislation passage welcome legalisation formal acceptance signing allowance legitimization welcoming ratifying embrace proclamation ordaining validating approving decreeing integration legislating appliance application making law championship defence defense favourable reception favouring aid assistance help siding with championing wholehearted reception abetting preferring sponsorship taking to furtherance encouragement enthusiastic reception managing handling shouldering favoring vouching for undertaking aiding and abetting tackling putting on entering on embarkation on entering upon setting about recommendation patronage favour favor auspices advancement upholding calling for arguing for pushing for pressing for boosterism aegis protection boost argument for support for care urging espousing supporting propagation endorsing promoting promulgation recommending activism furthering ward cultivation fostering boosting sponsoring cooperation lift hand assist abetment commendation trusteeship reinforcement backup go-ahead helping hand leg up advocation development preferment progress advance preference exaltation ennoblement advancing proposal betterment prelation campaigning financing stimulation justification relief strengthening nurture fuelling forwarding contribution to funding philanthropy fueling campaigning for auspice guardianship guaranty egis spokesmanship pleading for benefaction advising in favor warrant agreement subsidy investment grant abettance affirmation succour push succor facilitation guidance advising in favour blessing seconding a helping hand giving comfort deliverance salvation alleviation spurring on a leg up shot in the arm advice rescue service attention fiat signature subscription licence authentication superscription O.K. countersignature qualification nod OK comment accompaniment hubba-hubba okay certification testimonial commercial permission stroke secondment adherence rubber stamp subscription to thumbs up green light pat on back seal of approval the nod moral support

Noun

A preliminary conjecture or speculation
presupposition assumption premise presumption supposition belief hypothesis theory preconception given guess hypothetical if postulate postulation prediction premiss speculation surmise suspicion thesis acceptance accepting argument conjecture deduction expectation fancy hunch inference opinion posit preconceived idea preconceived notion prejudgement shot stab supposal theorization thought sneaking suspicion shot in the dark guesswork theorizing reckoning postulating predisposition positing guessing theorising imagination presuming notion view conclusion idea impression judgement judgment sentiment feeling conception guesstimate estimation interpretation consideration assessment estimate concept perception philosophy thinking conviction persuasion knowledge viewpoint angle understanding position mindset attitude standpoint stance mind abstraction point of view intellection eye conceptualization way of thinking cogitation ballpark figure suggestion discernment sense picture accepted wisdom divination verdict notions slant contention conceptualisation perspective theorem evaluation value judgment ideas appreciation image stand proposition apprehension anticipation outlook observation excogitation vagary caprice induction approximation contemplation appraisal axiom statement imagining approach possibility rough calculation inclination take educated guess rough guess considered opinion stab in the dark say-so twist surmisal generalization concepts generalisation thoughts conceptualizations side attempt message hypothesizing approximations remark point beliefs presumptions views hypotheses angles mental picture mind's eye theme reflections school of thought posture premises theses doubt apriorism suppose likelihood condition fool notion judgment call close-up two cents' worth messages pictures feelings reasoning hunches guesstimates reck themes mind's eyes think reaction hypothesising ballpark figures rough calculations intuition conceptualisations profession avowal proposal rationale principle vision assent admission reason scheme plan foundation basis attribution explanation antecedent lemma layout system ground assignment derivation way of looking reflection rumination frame of mind reverie deliberation musing fantasy pondering examination dream projection surmising extrapolation starting point tentative law honour regard honor mulling over prospect perhaps halseny rough idea vantage point disposition leaning fix esteem admiration credit appraisement analysis grasp proclivity reading comprehension predilection two cents worth shoes standing awareness elucidation broad view overview context say so where one is at eye view assimilation valuation reverence veneration figuring ciphering good opinion estimating calculating arithmetic informed guess predicting computation stock inspiration line of thinking presentiment rationality

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